This is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how to relate to letters and words (decoding). DYSLEXIA IS A READING-DIFFICULTY; Dyslexia is also called reading disability and affects areas of the brain that process language. It is not the result of poor teaching, instruction or upbringing.Most children with dyslexia has normal intelligence and can succeed in school through tutoring with a specialized education program, usually an IEP (individualized education program). Emotional support usually plays an important role.Early assessment and intervention results in the best outcome.


Signs of dyslexia can be difficult to recognize before the child enters school. Severity varies but the condition becomes apparent as the child starts learning to read.PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN• Late talking• Learning new words slowly• Problem forming words correctly eg confusing words that sound alike.• Problem remembering or naming letters, numbers and colors• Difficulty learning nursery ryhmes or playing rhyming gamesSCHOOL GOING CHILDREN• Reading below the expected level of age• Problems understanding what he/she hears• Difficulty forming the right word or forming answers to question• Reading words or sentences from the opposite direction• Problem remembering the sequence of things• Difficulty spelling• Spending an unusually long time completing tasks that involve reading or writing• Avoiding activities that involve writingRISK FACTORS FOR DYSLEXIA• A family history of dyslexia or other learning disabilities• Premature birth or low birth weight.• Exposure during pregnancy to drugs, alcohol or infections that may alter brain development in the fetus• Individual differences in the part of the brain that enable readingCOMPLICATIONS• Troubled Learning because reading is a skill basic to most other school subjects.• Social Problems which may lead to low self-esteem, behavior problems, anxiety, aggression and withdrawal from friends, family and teachers.• Problematic Adulthood due to inability to comprehend issues leading to educational, social and economical repercussions.NB:DYSLEXIA IS A READING-DIFFICULTY; Children who has dyslexia are at increased risk of having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and vice versa.

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