The ABA Therapy

The ABA Therapy

The ABA Therapy; Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a therapy based on the science of learning and behavior.

The ABA Therapy

Behavior analysis help us to understand:

The ABA Therapy;

 • How behavior works

 • How behavior is affected by the environment

 • How learning takes place

The objective is to increase behaviors that are helpful and decrease behaviors that are harmful or those that affects learning.

Our Programs can help:

  • Increase language and communication skills
  • Improve attention, focus, social skills, memory, and academics 
  • Decrease problematic behaviors

The ABA Therapy
The ABA Therapy

How Does It Work?

The ABA Therapy is a flexible therapy which involves many techniques for understanding and changing behavior:

  • Can be adapted to meet the needs of each unique child
  • Can be provided in many different locations – at home, at school, and in the community
  • Can involve one-to-one teaching or group instruction
  • Teaches skills that are useful in everyday life

Positive Reinforcement

The ABA Therapy

Positive reinforcement is one of the main strategies used in ABA.

When a behavior is followed by something that is valued (a reward), a child is more likely to repeat that behavior. Over time, this encourages positive behavior change.

In ABA Therapy, first, the therapist identifies a good behavior. Each time the child uses the behavior or skill successfully, they get a reward. The reward is meaningful to the individual – examples include praise, a toy or book, watching a video, access to playground or other location, and more.

Positive rewards encourage the person to continue using the skill. Over time this leads to meaningful behavior change.

ABA and Special Needs Education

Parenting a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder and related developmental challenges could be overwhelming. The ABC therapy can help people (Parents, Guardians, and Care Givers) of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or other developmental disorders, gain a better understanding of behavioral mechanics.
Parenting a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder and related developmental challenges could be overwhelming. The ABC therapy can help people (Parents, Guardians, and Care Givers) of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or other developmental disorders, gain a better understanding of behavioral mechanics.

The following steps, the ‘A-B-Cs’ help therapists and other stake holders to teach and understand behavior;

  • A stands for Antecedent. (i.e. the actions leading up to the behavior before it happens. This precursor could be verbal, physical, or related to an external environmental force, such as another person)
  • B stands for Behavior. (i.e. as influenced by our thoughts/interpretation of the situation/event)
  • C stands for Consequences. (This could be a reward-driven response, such as positive reinforcement for good behavior. In this case, incorrect or inappropriate responses are commonly met with no response.

Looking at A-B-Cs helps us understand:

  • Why a behavior may be happening
  • How different consequences could affect whether the behavior is likely to happen again

EXAMPLE:

  • Antecedent: The teacher says “It’s time to clean up your toys” at the end of the day.
  • Behavior: The student yells “no!”
  • Consequence: The teacher removes the toys and says “Okay, toys are all done.”
  • How could ABA help the student learn a more appropriate behavior in this situation?
  • Antecedent: The teacher says “time to clean up” at the end of the day.
  • Behavior: The student is reminded to ask, “Can I have 5 more minutes?”
  • Consequence: The teacher says, “Of course you can have 5 more minutes!”

With continued practice, the student will be able to replace the inappropriate behavior with one that is more helpful. This is an easier way for the student to get what he/she needs! Also read about occupational therapy
The school endeavors to train parents, care givers and other stake holders on the ABA Therapy using a practical approach to better equip them with skills to foster good behaviors in children.

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Staff
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